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Treatment for Diabetic Foot


The diabetic foot is the result of a combination of blood vessel damage, nerve damage, and infection. It usually involves loss of ankle shape and stability and may be associated with developing wounds that are very difficult to heal. Special assessment and management are required by the diabetic foot specialist to identify, limit, and treat the cause of the problem. If left untreated, the foot of diabetes can progress to amputation and to life.

Signs and symptoms of diabetic foot

Changes in skin color and texture

Swelling in the foot

Cramps in legs and feet

Slow-healing wounds

Corns or calluses

Ingrown toenails

Pain in the thigh or ball of the leg when walking

Pus/pain and redness in the wound.

Tips to Prevent Diabetic Foot Growth Problems

Keep your blood sugar levels under control. Follow the advice given by a diabetic foot specialist regarding nutrition, exercise, and ritual medicines.
Wash your feet with warm water every day, especially between the toes. Do not soak your feet for a long time and dry your feet properly.
During the winter months, the skin gets dry. Moisturize your feet regularly.
Stay active. Engage in activities such as swimming and walking to maintain blood flow.
Wear comfortable shoes and socks. Wearing tight shoes prevents blood flow.
If you have poor blood flow, check your feet for bubbles, ulcers, or infections at the Diabetic Foot Care Clinics, and be very careful to avoid any injuries.

Types of damage in the diabetic foot

1. Vascular damage

Diabetes damages the blood vessels in the lower feet and deposits calcium in the large and small vessels of the foot and ankle, making it difficult for blood to flow freely.

2. Nerve damage

Damaged nerves in the feet/legs can cause severe problems. Decreased touch and sensation can leave the wounds unnoticed, often leading to infection and incurable injuries.

3. Infection

Diabetics are prone to infections. It is important to constantly check your blood sugar levels and keep a record of them. These infections are primarily caused by bacterial and fungal factors.